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Foster Care and Adoption

Voices advocates for reforms to Virginia’s foster care system that will offer youth in the child welfare system the opportunity to build permanent family connections and the supports needed to successfully transition to productive adulthood.

Foster care is a state-run program that provides temporary care for children who cannot live with their parents or other relatives. Through this system, the local department of social services takes legal custody of a child when a parent or parents are unable to care for him or her, most often because of neglect and/or abuse.

Placement of a child in foster care should be temporary and family based, when possible, until a more permanent connection is made. Preferred options include working with families to improve conditions in order to return children to their homes, placement with a relative, or adoption.

In 2007, in partnership with Virginia’s child-serving agencies and then-First Lady of Virginia Anne Holton, Voices helped launch the Children’s Services System Transformation, a major child welfare reform campaign that reduced the use of institutional care and improved family-focused care for youth in the child welfare system.

2021 Foster Care Unified Policy Agenda

Read our full 2021 Foster Care Unified Policy Agenda.

Foster Care & Adoption Policy Goals

For current legislative initiatives, please visit our state advocacy page.

Voices works closely with the Governor’s Office, the General Assembly, state and local social services agencies, service providers, parents and caregivers, and—most especially—youth to identify, develop, and champion policy improvements for Virginia’s child welfare system. Among our current priorities:

  • Ensure the full implementation of the federal Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008, which provides Virginia opportunities to promote permanency and outcomes for children in foster care in the following areas:
    • Increased use of and support for kinship care
    • Transition support for older youth in care
    • Coordinated health and mental health services
    • Improved educational stability for youth in care
    • Improved services and supports aimed at increasing successful adoptions
  • Support evidence-based, prevention-focused policies for child-welfare-involved youth that emphasize family- and community-based settings
  • Improve access to and quality of health care services for child-welfare-involved youth
  • Increase capacity and quality of support to youth involved in multiple systems (social services, juvenile justice, homelessness)
  • Build systems that integrate family and youth engagement at every stage


In 2015, Voices launched an independent resource site, FosteringHealthVA, to provide youth aging out of foster care with health care information related to their Medicaid benefits under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Youth aging out of foster care are eligible for Medicaid, no matter their income, up to age 26 under the mandated sections of the ACA.

In 2014, Voices successfully advocated for this benefit to apply to youth living in Virginia who aged out of any state’s foster care system. Youth can self-attest to their status and should receive the full adult benefits package offered through Virginia Medicaid. Contact Voices policy analyst Allison Gilbreath at allison_at_vakids_dot_org with policy or personal questions related to Medicaid to 26.

Foster Care & Adoption Publications

  • A Portrait of Virginia’s Child Welfare System: The report highlights recent Virginia data on child maltreatment and foster care, including data on foster care children with disabilities as well as racial disparities. The report also evaluates the Children’s Services System Transformation and chronicles Virginia’s implementation of the federal Fostering Connections Act.
  • In 2008 and 2009, Voices, the Virginia Poverty Law Center, FACES of Virginia Families, and ART 180 hosted VOICES for Change, an art initiative to amplify the voices of youth in foster care. Youth were encouraged to submit an original essay, poem, painting, illustration or photograph expressing their feelings about transitioning to adulthood. A panel of expert judges reviewed the submissions and selected winners in writing, photography, and two-dimensional art.
    • Download Voices for Change: The Creative Vision of Virginia’s Foster Youth a compilation of the works submitted for the 2008 art contest or watch a slideshow of the artworks.
    • Download a compilation of all the 2009 submissions or view the slideshow of artwork.

Becoming a Foster and/or Adoptive Parent

Voices for Virginia’s Children does not work directly with families on foster care or adoption issues. For more information on becoming a foster, adoptive, resource, or kinship parent, please contact your local department of social services or call 1-888-837-7232.

Resources For Foster Care Parents and Youth In Care

Newfound Families Virginia is a nonprofit, membership-driven association offering information, support, and resources for foster, adoptive, and kinship families. Contact

Great Expectations is a strengths-based mentoring/support organization that helps young people in and leaving Virginia’s foster care system access higher education. Great Expectations bases coaches at each of Virginia’s community colleges and works with youth at any stage of their transition out of care. Contact mentoring coordinator and assistant director Allyson Roberts at for more information.

Our Partners

Voices is a member of The SPARC Network, a partnership between First Focus and the Annie E. Casey Foundation that connects child welfare advocates from nearly all 50 states in a peer-advocacy network to advance best practices and foster learning and information-sharing between states.

We also work closely on an individual basis with First Focus.


View our full Legislative Archive

2020 Foster Care Unified Policy Agenda

2019 Foster Care Legislative Agenda Video Overview